Study concludes 33,000-year-old-skull shows signs of blunt force trauma

Right lateral view of the Cioclovina calvaria exhibiting a large depressed fracture. A new paper concludes this is evidence of fatal blunt force trauma.

Enlarge / Right lateral
view of the Cioclovina calvaria exhibiting a large depressed
fracture. A new paper concludes this is evidence of fatal blunt
force trauma. (credit: Kranoti et al, 2019)

Some 33,000 years ago, a man was violently clubbed to death by a
left-handed attacker wielding a club or similar object. That’s the
conclusion of an international team of scientists, who published
the results of their forensic analysis in
a recent paper
in PLOS ONE.

The so-called Cioclovina calvaria is a fossilized skull around
33,000 years old, discovered in a cave in South Transylvania in
1941 during a mining operation. That makes it one of the earliest
fossilized human remains yet known, so naturally it’s been studied
extensively by scientists interested in learning more about the
Upper Paleolithic period, which started around 40,000 to 45,000
years, and marks the major dispersal of modern humans in
Europe.

“The Cioclovina individual is particularly important, as it is
one of the earliest and relatively complete skulls of modern
Europeans from the Upper Paleolithic period,” co-author Katerina
Harvati of Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen in Germany

told Live Science
. “Human remains from this period are very
rare and often very fragmentary.”

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Source: FS – All – Science – News
Study concludes 33,000-year-old-skull shows signs of blunt force trauma